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Arbitration Law In India: Promoting Efficient Dispute Resolution - Mr Shaunak Sayta

Mr. Shaunak Sayta holds an impressive legal background, with active Bar Memberships as a practicing attorney at the Bar Council of the High Court of Bombay and the State Bar of California (Inactive). His extensive experience and knowledge in the field, Mr. Shaunak has established himself as a prominent legal professional. Apart from his bar memberships.

Mr. Shaunak is actively involved in various professional associations. He is a professional member of the Grain and Agricultural Feed Trade Association, based in London, United Kingdom. This membership showcases his deep understanding of the complexities surrounding the grain and agricultural feed trade industry.

Furthermore, Mr. Shaunak serves on the Arbitration Panel of the Indian Oilseeds and Produce Export Promotion Council (IOPEPC) in Mumbai, India. His involvement in the arbitration panel demonstrates his commitment to resolving legal disputes and ensuring fair practices in the field.


Arbitration is a method of dispute resolution in which parties agree to resolve their disputes outside of traditional court proceedings, usually through a neutral third party known as an arbitrator. In India, arbitration is governed primarily by the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, which is based on the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration.


Arbitration Agreement: Parties must have a valid arbitration agreement that outlines their intention to resolve disputes through arbitration. The agreement can be part of a contract or a separate document.

Appointment of Arbitrators: The Act provides guidelines for the appointment of arbitrators. Parties can agree on the number and qualifications of arbitrators. If parties cannot agree, the Act provides for appointment by the courts.

Arbitral Proceedings: The arbitration proceedings are conducted in accordance with the agreed-upon rules or the procedural rules provided by the Act. The parties have the right to present their case and produce evidence before the arbitrator.

Award: The arbitrator issues an arbitral award, which is the final decision on the dispute. The award is binding on the parties and can be enforced in court.

Court Intervention: While arbitration is meant to be a private and efficient process, the courts in India play a supervisory role. They can intervene at various stages, such as the appointment of arbitrators, setting aside an award, or enforcing an award.

Enforcement of Awards: The Act provides for the enforcement of both domestic and international arbitration awards. Awards can be enforced in court, and the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards is applicable for enforcing foreign awards.

Challenge and Set Aside: The Act allows parties to challenge or set aside an arbitral award under specific grounds, such as lack of jurisdiction, procedural irregularities, or public policy.

International Arbitration: The Act distinguishes between domestic and international arbitration. It provides specific provisions for the enforcement and recognition of foreign awards and facilitates international arbitration proceedings.

It's important to note that arbitration law can be complex, and its interpretation may vary based on specific cases and evolving legal developments. If you need specific legal advice or information about recent changes, it's recommended to consult with a qualified legal professional or refer to the latest legal resources in India.


Arbitration law in India has evolved significantly over the years, providing a robust framework for efficient dispute resolution. The Act emphasizes party autonomy, fairness, and enforceability of arbitral awards. With the recent amendments and judicial developments, India has taken commendable strides in fostering an arbitration-friendly environment. It is anticipated that arbitration will continue to gain prominence as a preferred method of resolving commercial disputes in India, offering a viable alternative to traditional litigation.

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Dr. Niraalee Shah

Founder: Image Building and Etiquette Mapping

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